Group Interventions II

  1. Course Number: PSY 414.80
  2. Course Title: Group Interventions II (advanced)
  3. Credit Hours: 3
  4. Course Description and Objectives:
Continuation of the theory and practice of Psychodrama (on the advanced level) with emphasis on cognitive triad, thought records, clinical sociometry, the social atom concept, auxiliary ego techniques, and directing. Instruction will include both didactic and experiential modes.
Objectives: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
  1. State and explain the basic principles of sociometry.
  2. Demonstrate skill in developing & analyzing data from sociometric instruments using the COMPSOC of GraphPlot system.
  3. Demonstrate skill in using the Social Networks Inventory as a diagnostic tool with individuals, groups, and families.
  4. Demonstrate the operational procedure of the triadic cognitive model.
  5. Understand the use of "thouht records" and how they tap "core-beliefs" of group memgbers.
  6. Aid in role-development of protagonist as an auxiliary ego. Be able to take cues from both the director & protagonist. The director has to demonstrate keeping the auxiliary ego in role during the session.
  7. Develop a varied repertoire of warm-up techniques.
  8. Be able to select protagonists according to various group themes. Identify the protagonist and follow the Kellerman group model directing a classical psychodrama.
  9. Be able to commence and terminate the psychodrama following the Hollander Psychodrama Curve or the Goldman/Morrison Spiral Circle.
V. Course Instructor:
Dr. Thomas Treadwell
Department of Psychology
West Chester University
West Chester, Pa.
Peoples Building, Room 33

VI. Textbooks: Required

Kellerman, Peter. (1992). Focus on Psychodrama: The Therapeutic Aspects of Psychodrama. Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Beck, J. S. (1995) Cognitive Therapy: Basics and Beyond.Guilford Press.

Treadwell, T., Saxton, M., and Mulholland, S.(1995). Computerized Sociometric Research. West Chester University, West Chester, PA (under revision).

Not Required!

Moreno, J.L., (1983). The Theatre of Spontaneity (3rd ed.). Horsham, Pa: Beacon House Inc.

Goldman, E. Morrison. D. (1989) Psychodrama: Experience and process. (3rd ed.). Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co.

Fox, J. (Ed.). (1987). The essential moreno: Writings on psychodrama, group methods, and spontaneity. New York: Springer Publishing Co.

Holmes, P. , Karp, M. & Watson. M. (Eds.). (1994). Psychodrama Since Moreno. New York: Routledge Publishing Company.

Marineau, R. F.(1989). Jacob Levy Moreno 1894-1974: Father of psychodrama, sociometry, and group psychotherapy. New York: Routledge, Chapman & Hall.

Williams, A. (1989). The passionate technique: Strategic psychodrama with individuals, families, and groups. New York: Routledge, Chapman & Hall.


Treadwell, T., Kumar, V., Stein,S. & Prosnick, K. (1997). Sociometry: Tools for research and practice. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 22 (1), 52-65.

Bashman, J. & Treadwell, T. (1995). Assessing the effectiveness of a psychodrama training video. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, & Sociometry, 48, 61-68.

Stein, S., Ingersoll, E. & Treadwell, T. (1995). Sociodrama and professional/ethical conflicts. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, & Sociometry, 47, 31-41.

Treadwell, T. Leach, E. & Stein, S. (1993). The social networks inventory. Small Group Research 24, 2, 155-178.

Treadwell, T., Stein, S., & Leach, E. (1989). The Moreno social atom test Revised: A sociometric instrument for measuring intra and interpersonal networks. International Journal of Small Group Research, 5, 1, 65-88.

Treadwell, T., Stein, S. & Kumar, V. (1988). A review of psychodramatic techniques for children, adolescents, & adults. British Journal of Psychodrama.

Treadwell, T. & Leach, E. (1987). An introduction to the COMP SOC system: A computerized method for processing sociometric data. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, & Sociometry.

Kumar, V. & Treadwell, T. (1986). Identifying a protagonist: Techniques & factors. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, and Sociometry. 38 (4), 155-164.,

Barbour, A. (1994) A reexamination of the tele effect. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama and Sociometry, 47, 3, 114-125.

Kipper, D. (1993). Psychodrama: Group psychotherapy through role playing. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy 42, (4), 495-520

VII. Supplemental Readings:

Kipper, D. A. (1986). Psychotherapy through clinical role playing. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Hale, A.(1985). Conducting clinical sociometric explorations. Virginia: Roanoke, Author. (Royal Publishing Co.).

Heisey, M. J. (1982). Clinical case studies in Psychodrama. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, Inc.

Blatner, H. (1989). Acting-In. (2nd. ed.), New York: Springer Publishing Co.

Blatner, A. & Blatner, A. (1988). Foundations of Psychodrama: History, Theory, & Practice (3rd ed.). New York: Springer Publishing Co

Greenberg, I.A. (Ed.). (1974). Psychodrama: Theory and therapy. New York: Behavioral Publications.

Haskell, M.R. (1975) Socioanalysis: Self direction via sociometry and psychodrama. Long Beach, California: Role Training Associates of California.

Jennings, H. H. (1950) Leadership and isolation: A study of personality in interpersonal relations. New York: Longmans, Green & Co.

Kumar, V. K. & Treadwell, T. (1985). Practical sociometry for psychodramatists. West Chester University, West Chester Pennsylvania: The Authors.

Rabson, J.S. (1979) Psychodrama: Theory and practice. Department of Sociology: University of Cape Town.

Starr. A. (1977). Rehearsal for living: Psychodrama. Chicago: Nelson Hall.

Treadwell, T. W. (1974). Confrontation & training via the group process. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Yablonsky, L. (1981). Psychodrama. New York: Gardner Press.

Warner, D. (1978). Psychodrama training tips. Hagerstown, Maryland: Maryland Psychodrama Institute.

Partial listing of journals available in WCU library

International Journal of Action Methods, Psychodrama, Skill Training Role Playing. 1997-

Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry. 1947-1997

Journal of Sociometry: 1937-1957

Note: Journals are in the periodical section. For the Group Psychotherapy Journal, issues from 1947-1980 are listed under "Group Psychotherapy". From 1981 to present they are listed under "Journal of Group Psychotherapy". Beginning 1997 to present they are listed under "International Journal of Action Methods, Psychodrama, Skill Training, and Role Playing".

Journal of Behavioral Therapy
Journal for Specialists in Group Work
International Journal of Sociometry
Small Group Behavior
International Journal of Small Group Research

VIII. Course Outline

Lecture, discussion and experiential approaches will be used to develop the following theoretical and applied principles:

a) The basic principles of sociometry

b) Analysis of sociometric data

c) Social Network Inventory (social atom concept) as a diagnostic instrument:

d) Auxiliary ego training during the three psychodramatic phases:

e.) To be able to implement the basic psychodramatic techniques within a specific sub-group.

f) Rationale and clinical decision making and for directing a psychodrama session.

IX. Evaluation Procedures:

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