Research Proposals

Step 1. Choose a study





Step 2. Think about it­what's wrong with it?

-operational definitions





-mundane realism





-experimental realism





-demand characteristics



-correlation vs. causation



-sample



-contradictory research



-confounding variables



Step 3. Drafts­APA style

a. Title page

b. Abstract



c. Introduction

­introduce your topic area in a clever way



­ summary of your study--its hypothesis, how it was tested, its results

-- criticize

Can the results they got be explained by a reason other than how they explain it? How?

Eg., "highly identified sports fans explained victory by focusing on their talents, but explained failure by focusing on bad luck."

Ask yourself what else could this be due to (other than their IV=identification)

what's the confound? Gender
how could it have confounded the results? Could gender explain why highly identified sports fans were using this self-serving bias

e.g., men more likely to use self-serving bias given socialization

a partial concluding statement about how the IV may be related to the DV because of the confound "therefore, high identifiers may have showed more self-serving bias because they were men"
statement on how your alteration would yield different scores on the DV "If we were to redesign the study to include women, we might see that female high identifiers would show less self-serving bias given their socialization.




what's the confound? Sample
how could it have confounded the results?

a partial concluding statement about how the IV may be related to the DV because of the confound
statement on how your alteration would yield different scores on the DV





­end with hypothesis for your study



d. Methodology (APA format)

Participants

Procedure

Materials







Five paragraph papers

Paragraph 1= Introduction

Paragraphs 2, 3, 4= Proof

Paragraph 5 =Conclusion

Within each paragraph

-use one of the themes to analyze an ad

-identify which theme

-describe what elements of the ad suggest this theme

-concluding statement



Tips on Editing