-the theory of how people explain behavior,
both their own, and others.
Types of Attributions
1. Internal vs. External
2. Stable vs. Unstable
3. Global vs. Specific
Theory of Correspondent Inferences
Normal/Socially desirable behavior>external
Unexpected/undesirable behavior> internal
Kelley's (1967; 1971) Attribution Theory
Testing Jones & Davis' theory:
Manipulate 1 or more of the causes of correspondent inferences; Measure whether correspondent inferences are made.
How do we use these attributions?
1. Fundamental Attribution Error
Original Study: Ross, Amabile, Steinmetz, 1977
Design: Subjects told they
are participating in game show as
-in reality, all are contestants
Is FAE perceptual?
Is FAE learned?
2. Actor-Observer Bias
3. Self-serving bias
4. Depressive Attributional style
How fundamental are these attribution errors?
1. FAE/Actor-Observer may result in
a. prejudice/"ultimate attribution error"
b. Blaming the victim
2. Self-serving bias/Optimism may result in
a. Unrealistic optimism
b.Illusions of invulnerability
"Your score is one of the best I've ever seen"
Attribution errors as "adaptive"?
1. Depressive attributional style may result in depressive realism
2. Denial of personal discrimination as healthy?
Denial=unstable, specific attributions
Attribution errors as "maladaptive"
1. Long term health consquences
2. False uniqueness
3. False consensus.