Intergroup Relations and Prejudice/Discrimination
Subtle racism/sexism: symbolic racism/sexism: an assimilation of egalitarian values with prejudice beliefs
eg., Tougas' Neo-Sexism scale
Evidence for symbolic racism
Dovidio et al., in Blanchard & Crosby, 1989:
Gaertner & McGlaughlin, 1983
Results of Symbolic Racism
Explanations for prejudice/discrimination
-Authoritarianism-prejudice as a personality trait
-Scapegoat theory-prejudice as frustration
1. -Categorization (oh)
outgroup homogeneity: "they're all alike"
ingroup heterogeneity: "we're individuals"
minimal group paradigms: the ease at which social categorization occurs!
2. - illusory correlation: rare events associated with rare people
e.g., Hamilton & Gifford,1976
Procedure: Ss told about group A,B by highlighting certain members
desirable="John, a member of group A, visited a sick friend"
undesirable="Allen, a member of group B, hit a parked car & didn't leave his name"
|GROUP||# OF PEOPLE||TOTAL|
|Desirable vs. Undesirable|
DV: how many undesirable events did each group perform?
4. Attributions: Ultimate Attribution Error
Realistic Conflict Theory: group conflict occurs due to competition for scarce resources
1. Spontaneous Interpersonal Friendship Choices=any behaviour due to intergroup vs. interpersonal conflict
2. Group Formation=cabin A & cabin B performing group tasks
3. Intergroup competition=conflict
4. Intergroup cooperation=reduction of conflict
2. Contact Hypothesis: group conflict due to not enough enought contact between groups
short term results: prejudice by minorities decreases, but prejudice by majorites increase
:self esteem remains same
long term results: r ( desegregation, finishing school, wider range of jobs, living in integrated neighbourhoods)
Dominant group persepctive theories + individualism=no change
Minority-group perspective theories+ collectivism=changes to society
2. Relative Deprivation Theory
Social Psychology 254