Intergroup Relations and Prejudice/Discrimination

Subtle racism/sexism: symbolic racism/sexism: an assimilation of egalitarian values with prejudice beliefs

eg., Tougas' Neo-Sexism scale

Evidence for symbolic racism

Dovidio et al., in Blanchard & Crosby, 1989:

Gaertner & McGlaughlin, 1983

Results of Symbolic Racism

Explanations for prejudice/discrimination

-Authoritarianism-prejudice as a personality trait

-Scapegoat theory-prejudice as frustration

Cognitive theories

1. -Categorization (oh)

outgroup homogeneity: "they're all alike"

ingroup heterogeneity: "we're individuals"

minimal group paradigms: the ease at which social categorization occurs!

2. - illusory correlation: rare events associated with rare people

e.g., Hamilton & Gifford,1976

Procedure: Ss told about group A,B by highlighting certain members

desirable="John, a member of group A, visited a sick friend"

undesirable="Allen, a member of group B, hit a parked car & didn't leave his name"

Desirable vs. Undesirable
A 18 8 26
B 9 4 13

DV: how many undesirable events did each group perform?

3. Stereotypes/schemas

4. Attributions: Ultimate Attribution Error

Social Theories

Realistic Conflict Theory: group conflict occurs due to competition for scarce resources

4 stages:

1. Spontaneous Interpersonal Friendship Choices=any behaviour due to intergroup vs. interpersonal conflict

2. Group Formation=cabin A & cabin B performing group tasks

3. Intergroup competition=conflict

4. Intergroup cooperation=reduction of conflict

2. Contact Hypothesis: group conflict due to not enough enought contact between groups

short term results: prejudice by minorities decreases, but prejudice by majorites increase

:self esteem remains same

long term results: r ( desegregation, finishing school, wider range of jobs, living in integrated neighbourhoods)

Dominant group persepctive theories + individualism=no change

Minority-group perspective theories+ collectivism=changes to society

2. Relative Deprivation Theory

Social Psychology 254