African History Since 1875

AFRICAN HISTORY TIMELINE: The 1920s and 1930s

Copyright 1998 by Jim Jones
All rights reserved

.......DATE............. ...............................EVENT............................. ..............

EVENTS LEADING UP TO THE DEPRESSION
1918 The first Egyptian nationalist party, the Wafd, was founded by a coalition of lawyers and merchants to express grievances felt by many Egyptians including a demand for independence.
1919 A nationalist uprising in Egypt led to British recognition of the Wafd .
1920 The second pan-Africanist conference resulted in the issue of the "Declaration of the Rights of the Negro People of the World" by the United Negro Improvement Organization, led by Marcus Garvey
1920 The French suppressed Garveyite newspapers in Senegal
1921 Blaise Diagne accused W.E.B. Du Bois of being a Bolshevik
1921 Harry Thuku helped to found the Young Kikuyu Association in Kenya.
1921 The South African Communist Party was founded.
1922 Britain recognized Egyptian "independence" under a constitution that protected British economic and strategic interests.
1922 The French arrested a group of Gambian Garveyites near Dakar
1923 The British Land Ordinance prevented white settlers from occupying all of the best land in the mandate territory of Tanganyika
1923 The Dakar-Niger Railroad was completed
1923 Herbert Macauley the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP), but it remained an elite party in Lagos that was ignored by the British .
1924 The United Negro Improvement Organization approved a $2 million plan for the "recolonization" of Africa."
1924/06/30 The Liberian government issued an order forbidding the promotion of Garvey's ideas
1925 Chagga communities in central Tanganyika formed the Kilimanjaro Native Planters' Association to defend farm prices.
1925 African students in Britain organized as the West African Students' Union (WASU) under the leadership of the Nigerian Ladipo Solanke (1884-1958) and the Sierra Leonean Bankole-Bright, and with "moral support" from Casely Hayford of the Gold Coast.
1928 Ras Tafari became the king of Ethiopia.

EVENTS FROM THE DEPRESSION TO WORLD WAR II
1929/10 The US stock market collapsed.
1930 Ras Tafari took the name Haile Selassie and became the constitutional monarch of Ethiopia.
1930 In the Gold Coast, the lawyer J. B. Danquah (1895-1965) founded the Gold Coast Youth Conference.
1933 The Kikuyu Central Association (KCA) formed in Kenya.
1933 The Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM) became the first mass political party in Africa.
1933 The British created a council of elders for the region in Tanganyika north of Lake Tanganyika and declared everyone to be a member of the (previously nonexistent) Nyakyusa tribe.
1933 W.E.B. Du Bois broke with the NAACP and left the organization he helped to found
1934 Blaise Diagne died.
1934 In Tunisia, Habib Bourghiba (1903- ) led a group of young Tunisians who formed the New Destour to oppose the Destour, a collection of Tunisian elites.
1934 The Gold Coast Youth Conference sent a delegation to London in 1934 to seek constitutional changes.
1934 Elders of the Chagga villages of central Tanganyika met to discuss the selection of a paramount chief.
1935 I. T. A. Wallace-Johnson (1895- 1965) of Sierra Leone founded the West African Youth League (WAYL).
1935 Felix Eboue was appointed the temporary governor of the colony of the French Soudan.
1935/10/03 Italy invaded Ethiopia.
1936/05/05 The Italians defeated the Ethiopian army and entered Addis Ababa.
1936 Popular Front goverments in Spain and France offer labor reforms.
1936 The Wafd nationalist party led by Nahas Pasha ended its opposition by voting for the Anglo- Egyptian Treaty.
1937 I. T. A. Wallace-Johnson was expelled from the Gold Coast for his work with the "Ethiopian Defense Committee.".
1937 The French government banned L'Étoile Nord-Africaine, a group formed by expatriate Algerians in France. The group reorganized as the Algerian People's Party (Parti du Peuple Algerien, PPA).
1937 African cocoa planters in the Gold Coast combined to resist monopolistic purchasing arrangements by nine British companies. They refused to sell any more cocoa (the great "cocao holdup") until the prices rose.
1938 Violent railroad strike in Senegal left six dead and dozens wounded.
1938 Felix Eboue was appointed the governor of the French colony of the Chad.
1938 Nigerian leaders Nnamdi Azikiwe (1904-1996) and Ernest Ikoli issued the Nigerian Youth Charter, the first call for complete independence by Africans outside of Algeria, Madagascar and Cameroon.
1939 The Kikuyu Central Association was banned in Kenya by the British government.