African History to 1875 (Fall 1997)

Notes from "An Encyclopedia of World History" by William Langer

Copyright 1997 by Jim Jones
All rights reserved

Source: William L. Langer, editor, An Encyclopedia of World History (Boston: Houghton-Mifflin Company, 1948).

p525 1778: France recovered its possessions on the Senegal River.

p525 1792: Denmark became the first country to end the
involvement of its citizens in the slave trade.

p584 1795: On June 22, Spain and France signed the Peace of Basel
which transferred control over Spanish Santo Domingo to the
French in Haiti.

p770 1810: In response to an insurrection in West Florida, the US
army occupied the area between the Mississippi and Perdido
Rivers.  Amelie Island in East Florida remained a base of
operations for smugglers and "freebooters" who operated across
the border into Georgia.

p770 1817-1818: Andrew Jackson led an army into East Florida
during the Seminole War and occupied East Florida.

p770 1823: On December 2, the US announcement of the Monroe
Doctrine warned Europeans to refrain from warfare or the pursuit
of political and economic domination in the western hemisphere.

p771 1828: Construction began on the Baltimore and Ohio RR, the
first railroad in the US.

p800 1790-1806: Francisco de Miranda (1756-1816) led an
insurrection against the Spanish government in Venezuela,
with assistance from people in the USA.  He briefly established
an independent government but it failed in 1806.

p824 1808-1809: The English navy aided a revolt against the
republican government in Haiti led by Alexandr‚ P‚tion and Henri

p824 1814: Control over Santo Domingo returned to Spain at the
end of the Napoleonic Wars.

p824 1822: Foces from Haiti, during the presidency of Jean-Pierre
Boyer, invaded and captured Santo Domingo.

p824 1844: On February 27, the city of Santo Domingo revolted
against Haiti and won its independence, taking with it the
eastern end of the island of Hispaniola.

p825 1697: Haiti came under French control from Spain as a result
of the Treaty of Ryswyck.

p825 1795: France got the eastern end of the island of
Hispaniola, including the town of Santo Domingo, from Spain.  At
the time, Santo Domingo had a population of 40,000 whites, 28,000
freed Africans, and 500,000 African slaves.

p825 1794: On May 6, a revolt by people of color on Haiti
resulted in the death or flight of all whites on the island.  The
leaders were Toussaint l'Ouverture, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, and
Henri Christophe.

p825 1804: On October 8, Jean-Jacques Dessalines was
assassinated.  Henri Christophe assumed control of the northern
part of Haiti and Alexandr‚ P‚tion took over the southern half of
the island.

p825 1818: On October 20, Jean-Pierre Boyer became president of
Haiti after P‚tion's death and Christophe's suicide on October 8.