anm document

Travailleurs de la 2ième portion. Protection du travail de l'enfant et de la femme en AOF (1937)
in ANM S 21 fonds recents

© 1999 by Jim Jones, Ph.D.

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Arrêté n°2563AP du 16 Septembre 1936

NOTE: See the Journal Officiel de l'AOF, page 1047, for the full text of this decree.

This law defined various forms of work and set minimum ages for child labor - generally around 12-14 years. Child rations were smaller than adult rations. An individual worker's ration included one of the following: 900 grams of millet or 500 grams of rice or 900 grams of maize or 1000 grams of manioc. A single ration also included one of the following: 900 grams manioc flour or 1,500 grams potatoes or 500 grams "niébès," plus a choice of 250-300 grams meat or fresh fish, or 125-150 grams dried or smoked fish. The rations also included either 50 grams of peanut oil or karité butter, plus 15 grams of salt and 20 grams of condiments. Workers had to receive meat at least three times a week and millet at least five times weekly.

Workers were entitled to all legal holidays, plus Tabaski, the day after the end of Ramadan, and the day of Maouloud. Non- Muslims were entitled to take up to three traditional holidays.


Lt. Gouverneur du Soudan Français, Rougier to Commandants des Cercles,
n°50I.T (Koulouba, January 22, 1937)

Muslim schools (écoles koraniques) violated the 1936 child labor laws because they required young students to beg to obtain gifts for the marabout who instructed them. Rather than create trouble with Muslims, the Lt. Gouverneur recommended that the Commandants du Cercle did not interfere with this practice as long as someone (other than the child beggars) asked the French for permission.