Recruitment plans for forced labor (1936)
|© 1999 by Jim Jones, Ph.D.|
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The governor informed the various commandants about the colony's recruitment needs for 1936, and how many workers each was expected to provide:
The governor outlined his plan for forced labor recruitment for the following year. There was a need for specialists for the Compagnie des Sapeurs Indigènes, Escadrille d'Aviation de Thiès, and the Escadrille d'Aviation de Bamako. Men for the first two groups were drawn from the Cercle de Bamako, but men for the Escadrille d'Aviation de Bamako had to be drawn from the Cercle de Ségou.
Only 120 voluntary enlistments (for 4 years) were to be accepted in 1936. Preference was given to men who had no criminal record, a good reference from their chef de canton, and either knew French or knew one of the following trades: mason, blacksmith, carpenter, tailor, ropemaker, butcher, baker, mechanic or cook.
French officials were to be on the outlook for ancien tirailleurs who fraudulently passed themselves off as new recruits, and for chief's sons, so that they could be appointed as officers.
This table shows how recruitment occured in different cercles:
|Cercle||# men called||Volunteers||Labor assignment|
|Bafoulabé||62||12|| 1st Régiment des |
Tirailleurs Sénégalaises (RTS)
|Gourma Rharous||6||0||2nd RTS|
This letter contains the plan for returning STIN workers to their home cercles after their two year (1934-36) service was finished. 565 workers traveled by river to Mopti, Macina, Bandiagara and points northeastward as far as Gao. 135 workers walked to Bamako and took the train back to Kita, Bafoulabé and Kayes. 1,263 returned on foot to Bougouni, Nara, Dioïla, Ségou, Koutiala, San, Ouahigouya and Tougan.
This is the plan for assembling recruits for STIN at Markala. Recruits received 1250 grams of millet or 600 grams of rice, 300 grams of meat and 20 grams of salt for each day on the road. Local villages provided this food, to be reimbursed from the Budget Local and eventually from STIN. Recruits could bring their wives as long as the ratio of men to women did not go below 20:1; women would serve as cooks. Men from Bafoulabé and Satadougou went to Mahina to get the train. Men from Bougouni, Sikasso and Dioïla went to Bamako or Kati. Men from Bandiagara and Ouahigouya went to Mopti; Ouahigouya men could also go via Tougan and San to Ségou, as did men from Koutiala. Men from Nara, Yélimamé and Nioro went to Kayes.
Signed by Éboué, Secretaire General pour le Gouverneur absent.