Documents concerning employees
of the Chemin de Fer Kayes-Niger
|Notes © 1999 by Jim Jones, Ph.D.|
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This files in this carton contain information about employees of the railroad. Files for the years 1890-1892, 1894, 1898-1900, 1902-1904, and 1908 are missing.
This table shows the names of each of the French work crew supervisor and the number of Africans under their supervision, by type of work performed.
|Supervisor||Military workers|| Civilian workers
|Foremen||Interpreters||Voluntary laborers||Forced laborers|
This document lists 48 villages in four regions around Kayes and shows the number of men, women and surveillants (foremen) that each was supposed to supply for work on the Chemin de Fer for 1889-1890, and the numbers of each type of worker that each region actually supplied in 1888-1889. This table summarizes the information:
|Region||Number of villages||Workers expected||Workers actually supplied|
|Logo||15||85||7||6||138||10||6 (located between Kayes & Diamou)|
|Natiaga||9||82||7||5||131||10||5 (located between Diamou & Galougo)|
Note: Médine has by far the largest numbers of any village in Khasso, the region that provides the largest number of workers of any of these four regions. In 1888, Médine provided 48 men, 4 women and 2 foremen. In 1899, Medine provided 70 men, 4 women and 2 foremen.
Additional note: The villages are grouped in twos and threes. Each group provides one surveillant and one or two women. There's no change in the number of surveillants required from one year to the next, but the number of laborers increased. Apparently, the French figured that one surveillant could handle as many as 36 people.
This was a request for four captains (including Klobb and Allion), five lieutenants (including Huvenoit, Bardol, Lagarde), sixteen gardes (including Stirling, Rode, Tézequek, Oswald, Gaspard and Huart), and an additional garde comptable.
This list only shows the names of European employees, who were distributed as follows: twelve at Kayes, four at Médine, one at Saboucire, two at Dinguira, four at Bagouko, five at Galougo, five at Bafoulabé, one at Dioubéba, one at Kita and one at Niagassola.
The following table shows the number and wages of different types of railroad workers in 1896:
|Category of worker||Wage scale (francs/day)||Number|
The following table shows a breakdown of the figures for the indigène (African) worker section. It indicates the number of employees with specialized job titles and the number of manual laborers:
|Railroad Section||Skilled workers||Laborers|
des gares |
| Travaux neuf |
|Huilerie (Oil press)||2||14|
| Traction et
and repair facilities)
These numbers were taken from monthly reports and show the number of military employees on the railroad month by month from January 1896 to December 1897. They were never at their full strength, which was supposed to be about 70 men.
This sheet lists the names and villages for every member of each of 38 work brigades (brigade #37 is either missing or didn't exist). They also designate the leader of the brigade and at least one pileuse (literally "woman who grinds" but probably means cook) per brigade. Each brigade consists of people from the same province, although they are usually from more than one village. Mahmadou Racine has his name on all of these, making it appear that he was the one who actually collected all of the information.
|Brigade||Chef (leader)||Number of workers|| Province |
(common village names)
|Number of deserters|
|1||Kéfin Kanté||27||Barinta (Oualia)||0|
|2||Coumané Diallo||23||Guimbaias (Mahina)||4|
|5||Demba Sousoko||27||Makadougou (Touba, Kalé)||0|
|7||Pamory Sousoko||26||Niambia (Dialakoto, Bandelima, Kobokoto)||0|
|8||Samba Diakité||27||Gangountéry (Karya, Dioukou-Dioukou)||0|
|9||Demba Sidibé||28||Savramé (Kabaya, Sanga)||0|
|10||Moussa Sousoko||26||Bétéa (Dioubeba)||1|
|11||Mamady Dembélé||28||Komakana (Bagny, Fatafi - S. of Bafoulabe)||0|
|12||Kenoran Cisoko||27||Bambougou (Manamkoto, Kourouba)||0|
|13||Makam Cisoko||17||Bambougou (between Mahina Oualia Kenieba & Koundian)||10|
|15||Bankolé Cisoko||24||Bambougou (Koundian, Diakaba)||0|
|16||Basiri Diawara||27||Dialafara (Diala, Savané, Koumbonté)||0|
|17||Baysanko Diawara||27||Dialafara (Falaise de Tanbaoura)||0|
|18||Abdoulaye Sousoko||25||Tomara (Kossaya, Sépé, Farina, Touba)||2|
|19||Ahmadou Taraoré||26||Tomara (Sokoro, Tama, Balamdougou)||1|
|20||Ddiéli Diallo||15||Tomara (Tintiba, Dialaya, Koumakary)||10|
|21||Fadiala Cisako||23||Bambougou (all from Gounfam, SSW of Bafoulabe)||0|
|23||Mahmadou Cisoko||27||Tomara (Tourako near Medine)||0|
|24||Patoumané Dembélé||28||Bafing (Kenieba, Mahina, Goumbala)||0|
|27||Famaka Dembélé||28||Bafing (Dialakouta, Samékouta)||0|
|28||Famakan Dembélé||29||Bouréa (Makadougou, Kalla, Faraba)||0|
|29||Moussa K”ita||27||Tringa (Dialaka, Lambatara, Diakamé)||0|
|30||Toudo Cisoko||28||Tringa (Maréna, Diakoné)||0|
|31||Mady Konté||28||Tringa (Maréna, Dialaka)||0|
|32||Moussa Diara||28||Kontella (Sabouciré, Fassala, Diabougou)||0|
|33||Sara Kanouté||28||Kontella (Tintiba, Kamassa)||0|
|34||Séga Kanté||28||Kontella (Tintiba, Faraba)||0|
|35||Mady Diallo||28||N'Diaye (Fatafé, Diédia)||0|
|36||Madimoussa Konté||27||Sorma (Sabouciré, Diédigue)||0|
|38||Mady Fofana||27||Nouroukrou (intended to replace deserters in other brigades)||0|
These names occurred frequently among the workers, but never as leaders: Coulibaly (Bambara royal family), Keita (Soninke royal family), Kamara (Soninke), Cissé (Ségou), Sangaré (Peul or Somono). Among the leaders' names, I can identify the following groups: Dembele (Somono and Minianké from Ségou-Bani), Konté (Bambara ironmakers), Diawara (Khassonke nobles, possibly from Wassalou), Sisoko (Malinké), Diakité (Wassalou Peul) and Sidibé (Koutiala or Wassalou Peul).
This dossier contains four items, one for each section of the railroad. Together, they give a total number of workers on the railroad for 1905.
|Section||Number of Europeans||Number of Africans|
|Traction et material||43||196|
|Voie et batiments||32||350|
|Exploitation et Service de Santé||14||200|
|Direction et comptabilité||16||48|
This table shows the last names of French military and civilian personnel who worked on the railroad in 1906:
|Section||Military last names||Civilian last names|
|Direction et comptabilité||Digue, Lacour, Brunetaud (Sgt), Chesneau||Beck, Jacquesson, Massis, Divetain, Menard, Beauger|
|Exploitation||Dr. Beinet (Major 2e), Voirin (Sgt-Infirm), Delbary (Sgt), Manon (Sgt)||Lacheze, Quet, Frissard, Michel, Larche, Gremillet, Catoni, Fages, Sechaud, Blaud|
|Traction||Hugoni (Lt), Bouhier (Sgt), Bernard (Sgt), Lyot (Canonier)||Bernard, Carichou, Gardes, Menage, Milsonneau, Roy, Besancon, Filippa, Mouchoniere, Ravel, Nachin, Abgrall, Demeglio, Limousin|
|Voie et Batiments||Hurtz (Lt), Deneyrieux (Sgt)||Yong, Villard, Grab, Hillaireau, Gruat, Rascol, Castel, Marcus, Eckmann|