anm document

Resultant de l'Action des Commandants de Cercle relatifs aux transports de navétanes (1932)
in ANM K 70 fonds recents

© 1999 by Jim Jones, Ph.D.

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Navétanes. Resume des telegrammes des commandants de cercle (no date)

This report summarizes the information found in individual telegrams that are also in this file. It includes a note that a total of 6?,262 tickets (hard to read) were sold and that the total revenue was 240,894.80 francs. Note that although more than one person travelled with a single laissez-passer on some occasions, they always came from the same village.

Cercle Telegram n° Date Number of
navétanes
Nara 326 May 7, 1932 53
Nara 338 May 10, 1932 62
Nara 440 May 14, 1932 24
Nara 366 May 19, 1932 53
Nara 3165 May 20, 1932 109
Nara 451 May 20, 1932 62
Nara 469 May 25, 1932 20
Nara 391 May 28, 1932 50
Nara 464 June 2, 1932 33
Nioro 282 May 9, 1932 195
Nioro 284 May 9, 1932 88
Nioro 440 May 14, 1932 66
Nioro 302 May 20, 1932 396
Nioro 451 May 20, 1932 703
Nioro 469 May 25, 1932 596
Nioro 322 May 28, 1932 7,369
Nioro 497 June 1, 1932 71
Kayes 418 May 9, 1932 131
Kayes 440 May 14, 1932 78
Kayes 451 May 20, 1932 325
Kayes 469 May 25, 1932 193
Kayes 497 June 1, 1932 42
Kayes 534 June 10, 1932 845
Bougouni 263 April 30, 1932 156
Bamako 25 April 30, 1932 25
Bamako 3165 May 20, 1932 44
Bamako 3469 June 3, 1932 517
Bamako 464 June 2, 1932 10
Mourdiah (subdivision) 464 June 2, 1932 22
Kokolani (Bamako) 3165 May 20, 1932 111
Bafoulabé 709 May 20, 1932 91
Bafoulabé 745 May 25, 1932 79
Bafoulabé 762 May 27, 1932 83
Bafoulabé 785 May 29, 1932 132
Bafoulabé 798 June 1, 1932 95
Bafoulabé 821 June 4, 1932 41
Bafoulabé 838 June 7, 1932 401
Bafoulabé 861 June 9, 1932 81
Bafoulabé 879 June 13, 1932 115
Kita 148 May 20, 1932 1
Kita 159 May 30, 1932 122
Kita 166 June 1, 1932 265
Kita 172 June 2, 1932 265
Kita 170 June 3, 1932 207
Kita 174 June 6, 1932 50
Kita 181 June 7, 1932 127
Kita 185 June 13, 1932 55
Satadougou 283 May 7, 1932 298
Satadougou 287 May 7, 1932 22
Satadougou 288 May 9, 1932 13
Satadougou 673 May 9, 1932 55
Satadougou 290 May 11, 1932 72
Satadougou 285 May 12, 1932 79
Satadougou 692 May 14, 1932 54
Satadougou 201 May 18, 1932 82
Satadougou 312 May 19, 1932 17
Satadougou 314 May 20, 1932 133
Satadougou 321 May 24, 1932 51
Satadougou 746 May 25, 1932 69
Satadougou 327/760 May 27, 1932 47
Satadougou 767 May 28, 1932 14
Satadougou 784 May 31, 1932 28
Satadougou 797 June 1, 1932 103
Satadougou 821 June 4, 1932 40
Satadougou 838 June 7, 1932 30
Satadougou 861 June 9, 1932 32


Commandant du Cercle de Bougouni to Gouverneur du Soudan Français
(Bougouni March 21, 1932)

This is about the navétanes in Bougouni. Bougouni people love their villages, but the need to feed their families, earn money for the "dot" (bride price) and to pay taxes forces young men to go elsewhere for work. Some go to the towns, but most go to Côte d'Ivoire to cut wood or work on plantations, or to Guinée to harvest tobacco and cotton. Only about 200 go to Senegal, and they come mostly from Baninko province or from the Banan villages.


Commandant du Cercle de Nioro to Gouverneur du Soudan Français
(Nioro, March 28, 1932)

This is a report about navétanes in response to letter n°2025 AE (March 8, 1932). The main recruiting centers in the Cercle de Nioro were Yelimamé, Keniarémé and Diawara. There were a total of about 8,530 navétanes, most of whom went to Senegal. Another 771 were Diawaras who went to Senegal to trade along the river or rail line.


Chef de Subdivision de Kolokani Hervier to Commandant du Cercle de Bamako,
telegram-letter n°100 au sujet des navétanes (Kokolani, April 30, 1932)

A substantial number of young men left Kolokani without official permission each year. The French did not become aware of this until it was time to conduct a census or to recruit labor. The big problem is that they didn't come back, so the labor loss was permanent. Hervier recommended that Senegalese officials become more strict about sending back workers who emigrated illegally. He estimated that Kokolani could send about 200 men in 1932, but believed this figure would be about 700-800 if illegal emigration didn't exist.


Administrator en chef Duranton to Directeur Général des Services Économiques Fousset,
letter n°983AE au sujet des navétanes (June 24, 1932)

This document consists of a cover letter and a report. In the cover letter, Duranton writes that roughly 22,000 navétanes were transported to Senegal by the Chemin de Fer. In the report, he writes 23,000.


Gouverneur Général de l'AOF to Lt. Gouverneur du Soudan Français,
n°1824 SE/2 (September 9, 1932)

There was some confusion about the number of navétanes who went to Senegal in 1932. Everyone was certain that the special railroad rates were a success, but there were different ideas about the total number of navétanes. Duranton reported 60,000 and said that roughly 20,000 came by Chemin de Fer. Lt Gouverneur du Soudan Français reported a total of 20,000. The Chambre de Commerce de Kaolack estimated 45,000 in Sine Saloum, and 51,000 total, allowing for 6,500 in Baol and Thiès.


NOTE

It appears as if Kayes, Bafoulabé and Bamako were the most important assembly points for navétanes. Navétanes from Kayes, Nioro and Nara assembled in Kayes. Men from Bafoulabé and Satabougou assembled in Bafoulabé, Men from Bamako, Nara, Bougouni and Kolokani assembled in Bamako.

It may have been that these were the places where tickets were issued, so navétanes were obliged to pass through those points, where they could be counted by French officials.