anm document

Rougier, "Rapport au sujet de l'Exploitation
de la ligne de Kayes au Niger et des
Travaux executées pendant l'année 1905"
(Kayes, March 31, 1906)
in ANM K 12 fonds anciens

© 1999 by Jim Jones, Ph.D.

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(p1) Section de Voie : This table shows the average number of workers employed each day on the track section from the last quarter of 1904 to the last quarter of 1905. The drop after January 1, 1905 was caused by the transfer of track maintainance workers to track improvements like reballasting and the installation of new crossties.

4th qtr 1st qtr 2nd qtr 3rd qtr 4th qtr
560 238 217 460 452

(p2) Section des grosses ameliorations : The following table shows the average number of workers employed in each quarter in 1905 on the reconstruction of the oldest parts of the track. Their main accomplishements were the construction of the deviations at Dinguira and Bouri, and the replacement of wooden crossties with steel.

1st qtr 2nd qtr 3rd qtr 4th qtr
2,580 1,930 861 758

(p12) Woodcutters provided 315 pieces of wood for carpentry, plus 390 "stères" (1 cubic meter) of wood for charcoal, 16,800 "stères" for the shop ovens and 1,377 "stères" for train boilers. Other Africans worked at the brick oven at Mahina, the chalk ovens at Toukoto and Dinguira, the gravel quarry at Fouty, the sand quarry at Paparah and assorted workshops at Kayes. Other workers were involved in constructing buildings, water towers and systems, sheds, the hotel-restaurant (buffet-hotel) at Koulikoro, etc.

(p13) 1905 was the first full year of service for the completed railroad. The volume of merchandise imports was more regular than ever before because European commercial houses were willing to store their goods in Kayes and send it towards the Niger in smaller quantities instead of trying to move it all to Bamako as soon as it arrived by boat, (usually in the third quarter).

(p14) The line from Kayes to Mediné ( Ligne de Mediné ) ran two trains each way per day. Here are some statistics on the how this line was used from 1902 to 1905:

Type of traffic 1902 1903 1904 1905
Passengers 26,056 26,743 28,685 33,105
Tons of baggage 103 96 108.5 53.6
Tons of merchandise 1,677 1,161 795.8 657.8

The drop off in merchandise shipments to Mediné was caused by the transfer of the last important comptoir back to Kayes in April 1905. Mediné was no longer an important commercial center.

(p17) Moors continued to come to Mediné, and it still handled rice and peanuts from the Upper Senegal Valley, but it's commercial days were numbered.

(p20) On the Kayes-Niger line, the most obvious change was an increase in the amount of merchandise. The state's construction projects required shipments of over 1500 tons of material that played a major role in the increase.

(p21) The completion of the line to the Niger River nearly doubled the amount of goods shipped towards Kayes. Rubber shipments decreased slightly, but ivory, millet, rice, peanuts, karité (Shea butter) and gum arabic shipments all increased. In particular, rice rose from 1 ton in 1904 to 562 tons in 1905, and karité from 1 to 51.5 tons.