anm document

Tarif chemin de fer.
Déclaration des produits (1945-1950)
in ANM 1 Q 193 fonds recents

© 1999 by Jim Jones, Ph.D.

Go to Table of Contents Read Disclaimer


Governeur Général de l'AOF, "Arrêté portant majoration des tarifs du fasicule I commun à tous les Chemin de Fers de l'AOF," n°2298 TPDG/TC (Dakar, July 26, 1945)

This law raised railroad rates and prompted protests from Chambres de Commerce and businessmen. These tariffs were modified by a subsequent Arrêté du 7 Aout 1948. All of this followed the Arrêté Ministèriel du 17 Juillet 1946, which created the Régie des Chemins de Fer de l'AOF.


"Releve des expeditions de grains effectués pendant l'année 1947"

These two tables show shipments of millet and rice (in kilograms) to various locations in AOF. [NOTE: Grain was also shipped to Mauritania, the Gendarmerie Nationale and the Intendance de l'AOF.

Millet shipments

Month Dakar Senegal Cooperative du
Chemin de Fer
Dakar-Niger
Railroad
workers
Total
Jan 364,386 737,737 120,000 0 1,402,522
Feb 197,725 957,447 60,000 0 1,445,035
Mar 365,158 513,754 120,000 0 1,071,070
Apr 88,593 227,441 40,000 0 436,034
May 0 75,436 140,000 0 355,436
Jun 0 8,925 120,000 0 128,925
Jul 39,602 59,338 0 0 138,540
Aug 447,589 636,566 156,033 0 1,357,301
Sep 659,876 710,012 235,210 0 1,605,098
Oct 111,285 169,895 0 0 300,902
Nov 80,000 39,600 0 0 119,600
Dec 0 0 0 0 0
Total 2,354,214 4,136,151 991,243 0 8,360,463

Rice shipments

Month Dakar Senegal Cooperative du
Chemin de Fer
Dakar-Niger
Railroad
workers
Total
Jan 165,088 17,978 0 77,480 280,342
Feb 53,460 270,842 254,580 170,795 806,791
Mar 113,816 70,812 30,727 0 215,355
Apr 289,991 876,725 0 144,221 1,396,226
May 194,831 898,594 158,374 0 1,251,799
Jun 357,279 882,219 246,000 0 1,485,498
Jul 687,102 242,573 127,361 0 2,076,837
Aug 704,191 362,159 0 79,223 2,278,161
Sep 483,963 759,964 39,217 0 1,283,144
Oct 281,205 356,982 92,993 0 750,866
Nov 39,570 17,797 0 0 57,367
Dec 56,484 92,663 0 0 223,247
Total 3,426,980 6,849,308 949,252 471,719 12,105,633


Gouverneur du Soudan Française to Governeur Général de l'AOF, Directeur de la Service Économique, n°513 AE2 (Koulouba, March 24, 1948)

This is the cover letter for a "rapport au Conseil d'Administration de la Régie des Chemins de Fer. Objet: Refonte des tarifs des Chemin de Fer" (report on rates to the board of directors of the AOF railroads). The railroad faced competition from "autre moyens de transport" (other forms of transportation, i.e. automobiles) and could no longer adhere to a freight rate schedule "plus sociale qu'économique" that gave reduced rates to basic food items and "pauvre" goods (the railroad was a tool of social policy and needed to become more competitive). The Gouverneur du Soudan Française recommended revising the rates to reflect the actual costs of transport rather than the value of the good transported, and to abandon the tarif degressive.


"Note pour M. le Gouverneur par Chef du Bureau Économique sur les consequences de la hausse de tariffs ferroviaires (Koulouba, April 7, 1948)

This note reported several opinions from the Conseil General on the revision of rail rates. M. Pion's karité processing plant was already in operation and offered the most promise for the future. M. Ferré experimented with the production of "stéarine" and "oléomargarine."

Rational railroad freight tariffs would hurt the Soudanese economy at first, but eventually lead to a more realistic system of export routes using Abidjan and the north as well as Dakar.

Tidiani Traoré, president of the Conseil Général, was strongly opposed to any railroad rates that encouraged navétanage, since there would work against the development of the Soudan.

The consensus was that degressive railroad freight tariffs were a good idea.


Directeur Fédéral de la Régie des Chemins de Fer de l'AOF to Gouverneur du Soudan Française, letter n°05988/C (Dakar, May 22, 1950)

The director of the Régie des Chemin de Fer de l'AOF asked for a review of the need for thrice-weekly express trains between Bamako and Dakar.


Gouverneur du Soudan Française to Directeur Fédéral Régie des Chemins de Fer de l'AOF (Koulouba, June 19, 1950)

The Assemblée Consulaire decided that the thrice-weekly express trains between Bamako and Dakar should be maintained in service as long as they showed a profit.


"Baréme du prix de vente au détail à Gao et Tombouctou du mil provenant de Mopti. Campagne 1948-1949"

This baréme (literally "chart") shows how various operations added to the cost of millet brought north to Timbuktu and Gao from the Niger River Delta near Mopti. All figures are in francs.

Item Gao Timbuktu
Farmer's price
for 1 ton of
millet at Mopti
6,700 6,700
Fees at Mopti 730 730
Shipping by Messafric 1,868 1,004
Loss in shipping 312 284
Unloading 150 600
Loss in warehouse & interest 975 933
7.5% markup on subtotal 835 799
Total 11,968 11,448
Francs/kilogram retail 12 11.45


"Barème de cession sur wagon Bamako ou Koulikoro du mil de Bamako-Koulikoro-Bougouni. Campagne 1948-1949"

This table shows how various operations added to the cost of millet produced in the Bamako region and delivered to railcars at Koulikoro or Bamako. All figures are in francs.

Item Bamako Koulikoro Bougouni
Farmer's price
for 1 ton mil
8,500 8,500 6,500
Fees at origin 730 730 730
Road transport 0 0 2,195
Loss in shipping & storage (3%+1%) 277 277 380
Loading at train station 200 160 200
Packaging 1,320 1,320 1,320
Taux de cession de 8.75% sur
prix de cession
(9.6% ot total)
1,059 1,059 1,087
Total 12,086 12,046 12,412
Retail price per
kilogram at origin
11 11 8.6


"Barème du vente en gros et en detail du mil de la campagne 1948-1949"

This table shows the wholesale and retail prices of staple grains in the Middle Niger Valley after the 1948 harvest:

Item Ségou San Mopti Koutiala
Farmer's price
for 1 ton of mil
7,500 6,000 6,700 5,300
Fees at origin 450 450 450 450
Packaging at origin 220 220 220 220
Packaging 1634 1334 1474 1194
Wholesale discount
(Remise gros) 8%
-784 -640 -708 -573
Wholesale price per ton 9,020 7,364 8,136 6,591
Retail price per kilogram 9.80 8.00 8.85 7.20


"Barème du prix de cession au bord chaland du mil de la campagne 1948-1949"

This table shows the price of a ton of millet delivered to the railroad station in Koulikoro from various locations in the Middle Niger River Valley at the end of the 1948 growing season.

Item Ségou San Mopti Koutiala
Farmer's price
for 1 ton of millet
7,500 6,000 6,700 5,300
Fees & packaging at origin 730 730 730 730
Transport to river 0 0 0 2,195
Loss in shipping, packaging & handling 1,742 1,937 1,718 1,742
Taux de cession 9.6% 957 832 878 957
Francs/ton FOB river
("freight-on-board")
10,929 9,499 11,946 12,019
Value minus taux de cession 9,972 8,667 9,148 9,967
Shipping to & transit Koulikoro 657 1,878 1,412 657
Insurance & loss in shipping 342 339 340 342
Taux de cession 9.6% 1,053 1,045 1,046 1,053
Francs/ton FOB Koulikoro 12,024 11,929 10,026 10,924