History of Civilization I

GREEK HISTORY TIMELINE


Copyright 1997 by Jim Jones
All rights reserved

This list covers the Archaic (pre-800BC) and Classical (800- 146BC) periods in Greek History.

DATE EVENT

GREECE OF HOMER AND HELEN OF TROY
1650-1100BC Greek world populated by Minoans and Mycenaeans
1450BC war between Mycenaeans and Minoans
1200-1100BC Iron-Age Dorians invaded the Greek peninsula from the north
1100-800BC Mycenaean civil war (the Greek "Dark Ages")

HELLENIC GREECE OF ATHENS AND SPARTA
800-338BC Hellenic Greece
700s BC Nobles assumed control of Athenian government through the Council of the Areopagus
about 700BC Athenian poor forced into serfdom
around 650BC Spartan politics reformed (the "Lycurgan regimen") to share power
594BC Solon (ca 638-559BC) became chief magistrate (archon) of Athens with noble support, and provided the first democratic reforms in Classical Greece
560-508BC Revolt by the Athenian lower classes led to government by tyrants
508BC The first Athenian democracy was created by Cleisthenes, a popular aristocrat. It used popular assembles (council and assembly) to govern.
499BC The Persian Empire controlled Asia as far west as the coast of Turkey
490BC The first Persian invasion of Greece
about 484BC Birth of Herodotus, the "father of history"
480BC The second Persian invasion of Greece
461-429BC Pericles was leader of Athens during the period of democratic government
459-445BC The first war between Athens and Sparta
about 440BC Herodotus began his travels
431-404BC The second war between Athens and Sparta (Peloponnesian War)
about 427BC Death of Herodotus
371BC Thebes led a coalition of Greek city-states that defeated Sparta

HELLENISTIC GREECE OF THE MACEDONIANS
338-148BC Hellenistic Greece
338BC Conquest of Greek city-states by Philip of Macedonia
336BC Philip of Macedonia assassinated and replaced by his son Alexander
334BC Alexander of Macedonia began his conquest of the Persian Empire
326BC Alexander of Macedonia completed his conquest of the Persian Empire
323BC Alexander of Macedonia died without leaving an heir

THE INVASION OF ROME
215-205BC First war between the Romans and Macedonian Greeks
200-197BC Second war between the Romans and Macedonian Greeks
171-168 Third war between the Romans and Macedonian Greeks
149-148BC Fourth (and final) war between Macedonia and the Romans