Subject: Sample Literature Review Clips
Class: Organizational Communication
Professor: Dr. Anita Foeman

Below are samples taken from actual student papers that demonstrate the major segments of the literature review. They include samples of

These samples are from a range of papers on a range of topics, they are meant to give one idea for how to report findings. Of course, each paper will be different and unique and must be presented consistent with your own findings.

1) an introduction
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AN EMPLOYEE AND HIS OR HER IMMEDIATE SUPERVISOR IS A VERY IMPORTANT ONE, GREATLY EFFECTING THE EMPLOYEE'S QUALITY OF WORK AND SATISFACTION WITH THE JOB.
2) a statement of purpose
THOUGH THE RESEARCH IS LIMITED, THE PURPOSE OF THIS PAPER IS TO DISCUSS SOME OF THE RESEARCH REGARDING THE EFFECTS OF COMPUTER MONITORING ON THE PERFORMANCE OF WORKERS AND SUPERVISORS.
3) a preview statement
IN THE LITERATURE REVIEWED, THE COMMUNICATION CONSULTANTIS ROLE FITS INTO A GENERAL FRAMEWORK OF CONTRASTING ROLES: CONSULTANT VERSUS STAFF MEMBER, INTERNAL CONSULTANT VERSUS EXTERNAL CONSULTANT, AND CONTENT EXPERT VERSUS PROCESS EXPERT.
4) a review of an article that reports an experiment
ESTES AND FRIES (1992) USED A SAMPLE THAT INCLUDED 6096 WOMAN AND 3653 MEN TO DETERMINE THE JOBS MOST LIKELY TO BE HELD BY THE DISABLED AS WELL AS ATTITUDES TAKEN TOWARD DISABLED INDIVIDUALS IN THE WORK PLACE. THE RESEARCHERS FIND THAT .... THEIR FINDINGS SUGGEST THAT "DISCRIMINATION AND PREJUDICE" (P. 279) ARE PROBABLY THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTORS IN KEEPING THE DISABLED OUT OF THE WORK PLACE AND IN DETERMINING THE POSITIONS TO WHICH THEY ARE RELEGATED.
5) a review of an article that does not report an experiment
ACCORDING TO AIELLO (1993), IN A META-ANALYSIS OF THE FINDINGS 0 EXISTING RESEARCH, PROPONENTS OF COMPUTER-BASED MONITORING WER FOUND TO ARGUE THAT COMPUTER-BASED MONITORING INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY, PROVIDES A MORE ACCURATE ASSESSMENT OF PERFORMANCE, AND ALLOWS FOR MORE TIMELY FEEDBACK. OPPONENTS CONTENT THAT IT I AN INVASION OF THE WORKER'S PRIVACY, INDUCES HIGHER LEVELS OF STRESS, AND PRODUCES LOWER JOB SATISFACTION.
6) a linking transit ion between two articles
AN EARLIER STUDY BY YUKL AND FALBE (1990) ECHOED THE DATA 0 COERCIVE INFLUENCE TACTICS USED BY MANGERS.
7) clinching the point at the end of an article review
FINDINGS FROM THIS RESEARCH INDICATE THAT MIDDLE-LINE MANAGERS FIND MORE USE IN COALITION AND REWARD TECHNIQUES THAN IN MANIPULATION AND COERCION TECHNIQUES.
8) a summary of findings at the end of a literature review
THE RESEARCH PRESENTED SUGGESTS THAT AS ORGANIZATIONS MOVE TOWARD STRICTER DRUG TESTING PROCEDURES IN ORDER TO "WEED OUT" UNDESIRABLE EMPLOYEES, THEY MAY ACTUALLY CREATE A COMMUNICATION ENVIRONMENT WHICH FOSTERS DEFENSIVENESS AND MISTRUST OF MANAGEMENT.
9) a review statement at the end of a literature review
IN THIS REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE I HAVE EXAMINED THE CASE STUDIES, EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND THEORETICAL SPECULATION REGARDING CLIENT CONSULTANT RELATIONSHIPS IN FORTUNE 500 ORGANIZATIONS. TOGETHER, THESE STUDIES TELL US THAT ...
10) the close at the end of a literature review.
WHILE A VARIETY OF STUDIES EXIST ON MINORITY STATUS IN MODERN ORGANIZATIONS, LITTLE OF IT MAKE S CONCRETE SUGGESTIONS FOR WHAT THE INDIVIDUAL CAN DO TO OVERCOME THE EXPERIENCE AS "THE OUTSIDER." PERHAPS FUTURE RESEARCH WILL ASSIST THE NEW ENTRANTS INTEGRATE INTO THE MODERN WORK PLACE.